Photo courtesy of Theresa Secord. Molds . I think natives, in general, have always used what they had available for materials. The braided ash detail of a Jeremy Frey creation. The first part of the class will be spent preparing black ash splint for your basket by pounding a locally harvested log. Satin Finish - For Large Baskets. Jennifer Neptune, a Penobscot basketmaker and the executive director of the Maine Indian Basketmakers Alliance, said the tribes have a “special relationship” to the black ash. The Basket Maker's Tree. You'll weave your basket over a mold in this two-day workshop. Presented by Kalamazoo Institute of Arts at Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, Kalamazoo MI, The documentary explores the Anishinabe art of making baskets from the black ash tree, a tradition now threatened by the invasive emerald ash borer. All Rights Reserved. Photo courtesy of Abby Museum, Bar Harbor, Maine. In 2011, he won best-of-show at both the Santa Fe Indian Market, the largest Native American arts festival in the world, and the Heard Museum Guild Indian Fair and Market in Phoenix. Fuerst mused that it has something of an oriental aspect to it, acknowledging that it “pushes the bounds of my collection, which is about half traditional nineteenth century and half modern. A couple years ago, my mom (who grew up in Bangor) asked Richard Silliboy if he would make a “work” basket for my birthday,. In addition to Frey’s best-of-show in basketry, former MIBA Executive Director Theresa Secord, a Penobscot, won first place and Sarah Sockbeson, also Penobscot, an honorable mention. It sometimes happens that a basketmaker will try something “and feel like they’re being super innovative” only to later come on an antique basket that incorporates the same technique or material, she said. Photo courtesy of Theresa Secord. She then strips the layers, each representing one annual growth ring, off the log. P.O. They saw what wealthy collectors wanted and tried to incorporate those style elements into their work. This year he turned a wooden handle out of a burl and incorporated it into the top for a tall basket to take to the Native American Fair in Bar Harbor. http://www.abenakibaskets.com/ Part 2 of a series of videos I made, Please excuse the sound quality. Black Ash is unique among all trees in North America in that it does not have fibers connecting the growth rings to each other. “They weren’t making a killing by any means,” said Clark, “because they weren’t selling them for very much. Students will work with a black ash log to prepare basket splints during the first part of the workshop, then trim the splints and pick a weaving project. At her booth at July’s Bar Harbor show, Sarah Sockbeson snapped photos of her works with her camera phone before gently wrapping the sold items to send off with customers. For Jeremy Frey, of Maine’s Passamaquoddy Indian tribe, weaving ash baskets is a family tradition. George Neptune, a Passamaquoddy basketmaker and the museum educator at the Abbe Museum in Bar Harbor, said he’s turning his baskets into sculptures. Here you can get to know a little more about me, learn more about the materials and everything that goes into making a black ash and sweetgrass basket. Many of her baskets feature deer antler handles. Because black ash exists in pockets rather than scattered throughout the landscape, “some people are hopeful emerald ash borer may not spread as fast in Maine. Our family harvests and processes all of our materials from the woods and forests of Michigan. Others think it’s kind of crazy.”. “We have a deep, profound, and spiritual relationship with this tree, and we feel we have a responsibility to do what we can to save it,” said Neptune. For Eric’s baskets, it all starts with the Black Ash tree. Lyme, NH 03768 521 E. Walnut St Scottsville KY 42164 south east. Philomene Saulis Nelson sells her baskets on Indian Island, Maine, circa 1940. I have attended the Basket Exhibit and Sale in Bar Harbor since 2000 until the last few years when circumstances have not permitted me to do so. Today, Frey’s baskets are avidly sought by collectors. Location The Basket Maker's Catalog. “I’ve always tried to develop my own style based on innovation,” said Frey. I’ve heard that linseed oil will turn the basket black with time. Note: Look for a lecture on black ash basketry on August 24 by local experts John and Johnny Pigeon of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi. Frey said he works with different embellishments, including porcupine quills, a traditional material. It’s there where the black ash basket maker gets her own materials from a nearby swamp. ARTbreak is a weekly program about art, artists and exhibitions. Indigenous Expressions Film Series: Ash to Baskets - YouTube More info B) Shaker Fancy Splint - Medium Weight - Satin Finish . “When you teach people, they’re more likely to appreciate it,” said Frey. (In New Hampshire, the trees are called brown ash and in other regions of New England they are called black ash.) Date/Time Date(s) - August 14, 2020 - August 15, 2020 8:30 am - 5:00 pm. Photo courtesy of Abby Museum, Bar Harbor, Maine. Photo by Mary Rankin. Weaving projects will be small to medium gathering baskets … Sockbeson shares the Native American tradition of basketmaking with a new generation. See more ideas about Basket, Weavers, Basket weaving. His grandmother also wove baskets. A lot of baskets would have matched the stuff in a Victorian home.”, Basketmaking became an essential part of the economy in some native communities. Photo courtesy of Abby Museum, Bar Harbor, Maine. Tradition holds that the Wabanaki – the People of the Dawn – are the progeny of the tree. While part of the evolution in basketmaking is attributable to borrowing ideas from other art forms and cultures, including other tribes in North America, another part is more practical: the black ash’s days may be numbered. “It fed us when there weren’t animals to hunt and the rivers were dammed up and we couldn’t fish for salmon anymore. The documentary explores the Anishinabe art of making baskets from the black ash tree, a tradition now threatened by the invasive emerald ash borer. Under the auspices of the University of Maine’s Senator George Mitchell Center, the partners are mapping black ash stands, looking at whether long-term preservation of harvested ash trees is possible, and saving ash seed. “I’m kind of taking traditions and putting my own spin on them. It is said that Glooscap, hero of the tribes’ creation stories, shot an arrow at a black ash and from the wound in the tree’s bark people flowed out like a river to populate the world. Black ash, Fraxinus nigra, grows in cedar swamps in the Great Lakes region, Northeastern United States, and Eastern Canada.It has compound leaves, rough grey bark, and a somewhat stubby branching pattern. Black ash trees are uniquely suited for basketmaking, and members of Vermont’s Abenaki community and many others have made baskets from this tree for centuries. “You’re selling the purity of it. ARTbreak: Black Ash Basketry: A Story of Cultural Resilience. Thanks for this great article. Concerned about that trend, basketmakers from the four Maine tribes formed the Maine Indian Basketmakers Alliance in 1993. “It has sustained our communities. But Clark said the more avant garde basketry is drawing in new collectors who wouldn’t have been there based on the previous styles. Now there are some 150 active basketmakers from the four tribes, and the average age has dropped to 40. Intermediate basketry kits. The tree has a unique property: once its bark is removed, the tree can be pounded along its length until the growth rings separate, producing perfect ash splints that can then be planed and split and resplit, producing pliable yet durable weaving material as wide as a man’s belt or as fine as dental floss. His creations routinely fetch thousands of dollars. These “work” baskets are rugged and durable. Black Ash Pack Baskets. Pounding, Shaving and Weaving Alice makes her baskets from high quality, New Hampshire black ash logs, which are supplied by her husband, a skilled professional logger. The movie, “Black Ash Basketry: A Story of Cultural Resilience,” details Pigeon’s teachings and experiences making traditional Native American black ash baskets. The Maine Indian Basketmakers Alliance is working with the Maine Forest Service and the University of Maine to find ways to slow the spread of the bug and to make contingency plans for when it does arrive. Sockbeson paints scenes on birchbark that she incorporates into the tops of some of her baskets. A very enjoyable article. Thanks for joining the discussion. In 2002, the Emerald ash Borer was discovered in Michigan. I often use silhouettes as my inspiration. She strips the black ash logs of their bark, then pounds the logs to loosen the layers of wood. ↑ top Instructor: Ian Andrus. There are currently no reviews/comments for this event. It gives more credence to what you’re doing.”. Donations welcome. She slices the antlers into cross-sections, then carves and polishes each one, drilling a hole through the center. Full course details included above I guess I get inspired from what I see around me and what I see in nature.”, Neptune admits his works draw mixed reactions. Some people went to college with basket money,” Neptune said. Is lemon oil OK to use? JoAnne Fuerst, of Mount Desert Island, has been collecting Wabanaki basketry for decades. Black Ash Basketry Students will Learn how to make a black ash basket, start to finish. Meanwhile, prices have gone up, with basketmakers getting hundreds and sometimes thousands of dollars for their works.   |   Visit the Articles archive…. Many of the photos in my foraging slide show are of these ash baskets filled with native wild crops like Shagbark Hickory Nuts, Black Walnuts, King Bolete mushrooms, and even invasive species like Autumn Olives and Wineberries. At first, utilitarian baskets likely held sway, but as Maine’s cachet as a tourist destination began developing in the mid-1800s, fancy baskets – purely ornamental works – became important, said Clark. The documentary explores the Anishinabe art of making baskets from the black ash tree, a tradition now threatened by the invasive emerald ash borer.A story of family, the connectedness of life, the value of traditions, hope for the future, and a spirit of resilience in the face of change is told through the voices of local Native elders and basket makers. The emerald ash borer has now been found in two dozen states, including New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and two Canadian provinces. That is not traditional. The Gun Lake Tribe is promoting "Black Ash Basketry: A Story of Cultural Resilience," a film documentary that explores the cultural and modern significance of … Ash baskets paid for people to go to school, paid for clothes, paid for food. This miniature (3-inch diameter) green curly basket by Sarah Sockbeson incorporates brown ash, sweetgrass, and antler. But there’s no doubt that the eastern woodland Indians took advantage of natural materials found in the woods – ash splints, sweetgrass, birch bark, spruce roots, or cedar bark – to make strong and beautiful baskets. I have used Maine Indian ash baskets for many years, primarily for gathering edible wild plants and mushrooms. The borer is in the back of every Maine Indian basketmaker’s mind, evidenced by the educational posters at the Bar Harbor show. And it’s been done for a long time, said Julia Clark, the curator of collections at the Abbe Museum in Bar Harbor, which is devoted to the Wabanaki. © 2014 by the author; this article may not be copied or reproduced without the author's consent. Many of the designs go back to the early 2000’s and to this day, are still too popular to retire. The course Black Ash Pack Baskets Fri, Mar 19th, 2021 – Sun, Mar 21st, 2021 is full. © 2020 - Arts Council of Greater Kalamazoo. “Some collectors really, really like it. Bring your brown bag lunch, coffee provided. Ash baskets paid for people to go to school, paid for clothes, paid for food. One piece incorporated a raw piece of log with woven flowers on the basket and hummingbirds woven from ash appearing to sip from them. Ash baskets don’t fare as well in terms of archaeological preservation as, say, pottery. Black Ash Basket Making. The craft was in danger of being lost. Arts Council of Greater Kalamazoo is a non-profit organization that serves arts and culture throughout our community. “Each handle is kind of unique for the basket,” Sockbeson said. Sponsored by The Fountains at Bronson Place. | Terms of Service | Privacy PolicySite by eBree Design. His baskets are among the most highly prized by modern collectors. A story of family, the connectedness of life, the value of traditions, hope for the future, and a spirit of resilience in the face of change is told through the voices of local Native elders and basket makers. For many years, I resisted the more modern basketry because I was into the ‘authentic’ tradition. The premier of the one-hour, locally made documentary, " Black Ash Basketry: A Story of Cultural Resilience," says as much about the residents of metro Grand Rapids as the protagonists in the film, the family of Steve and Kitt Pigeon in Allegan County. She also became keenly aware that her ancestors were there to show her the way. Note: Look for a lecture on black ash basketry on August 24 by local experts John and Johnny Pigeon of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians. Whether you purchase a basket, attend a workshop or venture making a kit at home, you know you have a true American-made basket. 17 m, Documentary Short, Canada. Tools Each basketry kit contains clearly written instructions and all of the parts required to make the basket (black ash splint stakes and weavers, rims, handles, etc). A 2009 documentary captures the story of Gun Lake Potawatomi Tribal member, Steve Pigeon and his family. The strongest baskets in New England are made from strips of wood processed from brown ash trees. Northern Woodlands He has been making, creating and sharing the craft, and art, of basketry for over 30 years. Fraxinus nigra, the black ash, is a species of ash native to much of eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, from western Newfoundland west to southeastern Manitoba, and south to Illinois and northern Virginia. Beginner basketry kits. Exactly how far back ash basketry goes is hard to determine. ADA TOWNSHIP -- Rachel Swem conceded it's … They would work all winter to harvest and process the ash and sweetgrass and make baskets.”. At the Bar Harbor show, she was thrilled to walk away from Jeremy Frey’s booth with a miniature point vase. “I like the vibrant colors and I like the modern look on something that’s really traditional and natural.”. We don’t make art, but we do help make the arts thrive. Jennifer Neptune, a Penobscot basketmaker and the executive director of the Maine Indian Basketmakers Alliance, said the tribes have a “special relationship” to the black ash. “The irony is that we’ve kind of broken into the art market scene nationally, and now we’re threatened with emerald ash borer that could destroy our resource,” said Neptune. Sockbeson gives careful attention to color combinations and uses a fiber-reactive dye developed for dyeing textiles. Not flat areas, but curves. Jeremy Frey’s basketmaking style emphasizes small, tight weaves. Bravo to the success of the Maine Indian Basket Makers Alliance. But the basket sold for $20,000 – before the sale even officially opened. We weave with Black ash, White cedar, Birch bark, Sweetgrass, Basswood, and make Baskets, and Birch Bark Bitings from the Birch tree. “Fancy baskets fed into a Victorian-era fascination with ‘exotic’ peoples, and the basketmakers were pretty savvy. Hello! The 'Bold' version of the Salisbury Apple Basket has 1/4" ash uprights and is woven with 1/8” ash weavers (in photo above on the left). Stories aside, there’s no doubt that the black ash (or brown ash, as it’s commonly known in Maine) has helped sustain the Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, and Micmac tribes for generations. Classic lines and shapes—the foundation of the Cottage Style; Made with hand-pounded American Black Ash; Bases, Steam-bent rims & handles made by Eric out of Cherry My journey began in the 1980s, when Mike Sagataw taught me the traditions of black ash splint basketry. But in the late twentieth century, the popularity of Wabanaki ash basketry waned. Category Products. Great-granddaughter Theresa Secord continues the family tradition. Inside one of her other baskets modeled after an emerald Fabergé egg is a vial containing an adult ash borer and, as she calls it, “the bug’s kryptonite” —a flash drive containing “all of the teachings you would need to bring back black ash basket making if they were ever lost.” Today, basketmakers are experimenting with new forms, finishes, and materials; they’re looking to other arts for inspiration, as well as back into the tribes’ basketry tradition to incorporate older techniques. Other family members did, as well. The Alliance began arranging shows and exhibits and helping basketmakers with marketing. As a member of the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, she lives on the very south east corner of the Bad River Reservation in Northern Wisconsin. As part of that, “I’ve kind of made everything smaller. “They were pushing it back then, too, in terms of creativity, with new styles and ideas.”. About Black Ash Baskets. He loves to share the details of how he collects ash logs, pounds them to separate the fibers, splits the ash splints. Epic Center, 359 S. Kalamazoo Mall, Suite 203 Kalamazoo MI 49007. Gabriel Frey, a Passamaquoddy, weaves a basket handle. The work that the really good people are doing at this point is so good that I really wanted to be part of it.”. Ann found healing in the rare traditional Iroquoian art form of black ash basketry. Right now all we have is hope.”. The revitalized basketry tradition has spawned a burst of creativity. "Black Ash Basketry: A Story of Cultural Resilience" is a documentary focusing on the effect of the emerald ash borer on Michigan ecology. Processing wood into fine weaving materials is a time consuming endeavor. “They’re all slight adaptations on traditional methods I’ve been taught,” Neptune said. If not, what can I put on the basket to nourish and preserve the wood? Be the first to add a review/comment , and let folks know what you think! Box 270 But for some families it was a critical source of income. I have a Great Lakes-style basket of uncertain age, probably of split ash (it’s signed “Ruby Lincoln” on the bottom and might be Menominee or Ho-Chunk). Black Ash Basketry Uniquely designed and crafted baskets from North American Black Ash, hand-pounded by Eric. It was basketry that fed our people.”. A slow-growing tree, black ash produces fibrous wood that is lightweight, flexible, and highly suitable for basketry. “Some of them never make it out of the workroom. In this episode I follow Jamin for a few days as he journeys from tree to pack basket using the incredible flexible and versatile wood of the black ash tree. The black ash tree occupies a unique spot in the culture of Maine’s Indian tribes. He learned to create baskets from his mother when he was 22. (603) 795-0660, All content © 2020 by the Center for Northern Woodlands Education. 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