Oxford Castle! The site today is occupied by the local prison. The keep, or tower, was built to precise proportions similar to those found in many Medieval churches. Well, as with most castles, it was not just for a place to live, it was also a bit of a show of power. Orford Castle has been described as having one of England’s most remarkable keeps. St George’s Tower in Oxford Castle (1020) St George’s Tower looks rugged even compared to the rest of the castle. Originally the castle was a moated, wooden motte and bailey castle, built by the Norman baron, Robert D’Oyly the elder, from 1071 to 1073. The Castle was built into the western side of the town defences for William the Conqueror in 1071. City Wall, Oxford. Robert also built Oxford’s first bridges (Magdalen, Folly, and Hythe). 27 houses were destroyed in the town to provide space for the castle. In the 1140's there was civil war in England between Stephen and Matilda. About 1072 the Normans built a castle at Oxford. This virtual tour starts at the Castle, which had protection on the west and south-west sides from the Castle Mill Stream and the Trill Mill Stream, and a moat on the other side.. Heritage Projects (Oxford Castle) Ltd Registered in England No: 5763243 Registered Office: St. Edmund's House, Margaret Street, YORK, YO10 4UX Oxford Castle: 1071 Built by the Normans in the 11th century for William the Conqueror, Oxford Castle has been in almost continuous operation for 1,000 years. In the 11th century, the town's defenses were a ditch and an earth rampart with a wooden stockade on top. One of the two surviving Saxon towers in the city of Oxford, St George’s Tower was built around 1020 AD, nearly a thousand years ago – though the exact date of construction isn’t known. The castle was built by Henry II between 1165 and 1173 to help maintain Royal control over that part of the country and to repel invaders. Chester Castle: 1070: Built in the city of Chester possibly on the site of an earlier Saxon or Roman fortification. Later the stockade was replaced by a stone wall. The castle was built straddling the existing defences and incorporated one of the Saxon towers in its defences. The Saxon burh evolved in two stages with the first founded circa-AD 879 followed by an extension in AD 911. Robert d’Oilly was appointed the first Norman governor of Oxford and was responsible for building Oxford Castle, of which all that remains is the motte (mound) and the tower of the Church of St. George in the castle. About Oxford Castle Built by the Normans in the 11th century for William the Conqueror, Oxford Castle has been in almost continuous operation for 1,000 years. Oxford Castle and Town Wall Layout. Oxford’s ancient architecture 1. After the English Civil War in the late 1650s it was, like many of England’s urban castles, converted into a prison with a fearsome reputation for brutality; a reputation that endured until it ceased operation in 1996. Oxford Castle & Prison 44-46 Oxford Castle, Oxford OX1 1AY T: 01865 260666. (There’s a surprise!) Lincoln Castle: 1068: 166 houses were demolished in the city to make room for the new castle. But why did he build it? Henry of Oxford obtained a grant of the Castle mill from Matilda, and built up a large estate in Oxfordshire and Berkshire, much of it obtained, perhaps as pledges for loans, from the empress's supporters Brian FitzCount, Geoffrey de Clinton, and Robert d'Oilly; Henry also took advantage of the disturbances to seize several houses in Wallingford. Even compared to the rest of the town 's defenses were a ditch and an rampart. ( 1020 ) st George’s Tower in Oxford Castle & prison 44-46 Oxford Castle prison! 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